The Institute for Doctoral Studies in the Visual Arts & Columbia College
Confronting the Otherness of Noise Russolo, Cage and Ratman
Noise conjures up feelings tension and fear, thus it is the other. Nevertheless, many artists began to use noise as an art material. Italian Futurist Luigi Russolo, John Cage, and later, Gilad Ratman manipulated noise using it as an art material. This process served as a type of reconciliation with the otherness of noise.