The Catholic University of America

Boxcar Model for Teaching Convective Heat Transfer and HVAC Topics

Convective heat transfer does not conform to the definition of heat transfer, i.e., the driving force is solely by temperature difference. Convection as a mode of heat transfer presents confusion and impedes learning. Improper teaching propagates through society; therefore, properly educating our future STEM professions is important. This paper presents a new teaching model for visualizing convective heat transfer.

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